The Universal Screening program operates 24 hours per day, 7 days per week, 365 days per year in the Milwaukee County Criminal Justice Facility. Staffed by a highly trained team of Pretrial Investigators, the Universal Screening team conduct interviews/investigations of all arrestees booked into the CJF who are facing a bail setting decision. Using actuarial risk assessment instruments, pretrial investigators determine an individual's risk for pretrial misconduct -- defined as risk to miss court or be rearrested while on bail -- and use that measured risk to make recommendations to judicial officers as to bond type, bond amount, and other conditions of bail suited to mitigate identified risk factors.
The Pretrial Supervision program provides supervision and case management services to defendants ordered to supervision as a condition of their bail. Pretrial Officers/Case Managers monitor all court-ordered conditions of release as well as provide referral services to programming aimed at addressing risk and need areas that are identified as possibly contributing to future justice system involvement if not properly addressed. Staff provide regular reporting to the court on compliance and non-compliance with court ordered conditions and apply incentives or sanctions to pro- or anti-social actions according to a behavior-response matrix.
The Pretrial Electronic Monitoring program utilizes GPS ankle bracelet technology to monitor compliance with geographic restrictions ordered by the court as a condition of bail. Defendants are ordered to remain in designated locations at designated times of the day/week, all of which is monitored on a minute by minutes basis by software interfaced with the cellular-enabled GPS tracking bracelet. Like the Pretrial Supervision unit, Electronic Monitoring staff identify risk and need areas of each defendant and, with court approval, refer clients to programming designed to mitigate or address that risk/need.
JusticePoint staff coordinate the release of defendants ordered to Pretrial Supervision by a judicial official. Staff work to ensure that the person's release occurs in a timely and expeditious manner once cash bond obligations have been met and the defendant no longer has any incarceration holds from another law enforcement agency or other component of the justice system. Additionally, staff work to ensure that the defendant has an identified safe place to reside upon release from jail and coordinate as necessary for medical or mental health needs to be addressed quickly upon release from custody.
The Treatment Alternatives and Diversion ('TAD') program staff provide screening, assessment, and case management for individuals who have entered into Deferred Prosecution Agreements ('DPAs') with the Milwaukee County District Attorney's Office. Deferred Prosecution Agreements provide an alternative to traditional case processing whereby a defendant who admits to wrongdoing enters into a DPA which lays out a series of required steps a person must complete over a set period of time. Successful completion of the DPA results in the filed charges being either dismissed or reduced - allowing for the individual to face penalties less severe than those that traditional case processing would bring, while allowing for restitution or other forms of restorative justice to attempt to make the community and/or victim whole. Clients enrolled in the TAD program have been found to meet the TAD criteria outlined by the State of Wisconsin Legislature in their funding allocation for the TAD program. To be TAD eligible, clients must be 18 years or older, residents of Milwaukee County, struggling with an AODA issue, and be charged with a non-violent offense as well as have no convictions for violent offenses in their criminal history. JusticePoint staff use a variety of tools to screen and assess defendants for program eligibility and then provide Supervision/Case Management of individuals who enter into DPAs under the TAD program.
The Central Liaison Unit ('CLU') provides supervision and case management services to low-risk individuals who enter into pre-charging Diversion Agreements or to moderate-risk individuals who enter into post-charging TAD-ineligible Deferred Prosecution Agreements with the Milwaukee County District Attorney's Office. Like the DPAs monitored by JusticePoint's TAD staff, individuals who enter into Diversion or Deferred Prosecution Agreements with the DA’s Office are expected to fulfill a number of requirements over a set period of time while remaining crime-free in order to be granted the benefit of charge dismissal or reduction - in the case of a DPA - or the lack of charge filing in the case of a Diversion Agreement. Additionally, the CLU provides Cognitive Behavioral Therapy ('CBT') groups using the National Institute of Correction's 'Thinking for a Change' curriculum to individuals whose risk assessments identified anti-social thoughts, beliefs, or attitudes to be likely contributors to future criminal activity.
JusticePoint provides Case Management services for the Milwaukee County Drug Treatment Court. JusticePoint provides Case Management services for participants of the Milwaukee County Drug Treatment Court - working with clients two to four times per week to identify treatment and other needs necessary for them to achieve and maintain sobriety.
Case Managers monitor all court-ordered conditions of release as well as provide referral services to programming aimed at addressing risk and need areas that are identified as possibly contributing to future justice system involvement if not properly addressed. Staff provide regular reporting to the court on compliance and non-compliance with court ordered conditions and apply incentives or sanctions to pro- or anti-social actions according to a behavior-response matrix.
JusticePoint staff provide Cognitive Behavioral Therapy using the National Institute of Correction's 'Thinking for a Change' curriculum to participants of the Milwaukee County Drug Treatment Court whose risk assessments identified anti-social thoughts, beliefs, and attitudes to be likely contributors to future criminal activity. In addition, JusticePoint provides group programming to address trauma issues in male and female participants of the Milwaukee County Drug Treatment Court using the 'Trauma Recovery and Empowerment Model' ('TREM' and it's male counterpart, 'M-TREM'). Funds for these group programs was received through a Bureau of Justice Assistance grant after academic evaluators of the MCDTC identified cognition and trauma issues as being highly prevalent throughout the MCDTC population.
This is a recovery focused behavioral health program for adults with severe mental illness and/or substance use disorders. This program provides a coordinated and comprehensive array of recovery services, treatment, and psychosocial rehabilitation services that assist individuals to utilize professional, community, and natural supports to address their needs. The program is person-centered and uses client-directed service plans to describe the individualized services that will support the client to achieve their recovery goals.
JusticePoint's Drug Treatment Court Case Management team serve as Recovery Support Coordinators for participants of the MCDTC program. As Recovery Support Coordinators, JusticePoint staff provide access to treatment and other ancillary services provided by Milwaukee County through the WIser Choice program of the Behavioral Health Division - Community Access to Recovery Services (CARS) division. Without this crucial connection, recovery for participants of the Milwaukee County Drug Treatment Court would be all but impossible.
JusticePoint employs several staff who are trained and certified to provide Access Point screening and assessment services to uninsured individuals who are involved in the Milwaukee Justice System. Utilizing the Addiction Severity Index ('ASI') and American Society of Addiction Medicine Patient Placement Criteria II ('ASAM-PPC-II)'), staff identify an individual's clinical need for AODA treatment services as well as the appropriate level of treatment necessary to adequately address the severity of their addiction.
Violence, either past or present, is a reality that is difficult to escape because it may result in painful thoughts, feelings, and memories. While many individuals have learned how to survive despite the pain, they may come to the realization that survival is not enough.
The Men’s Trauma Recovery and Empowerment Model (M-TREM) is a psychoeducational and cognitive-behavioral approach to trauma recovery skills development and enhancement. The group is divided into three parts: Part One focuses on Male Messages, Emotions, and Relationships. Part Two involves discussions on Trauma Recovery and focuses on emotional, physical and sexual abuse and their relationships to psychological symptoms, substance use, and relationship patterns. Part Three is all about developing Recovery Skills and emphasizes the development and strengthening of interpersonal, problem-solving and life planning skills.
Exposed to Violence (M-TREM) is a men’s group designed for individuals who have been exposed to any type of violence in their lives. The group provides members with an opportunity to share and learn from their experiences so they can empower themselves and others to thrive as opposed to simply survive.
M-TREM is 24 sessions and meets weekly for 90 minutes.
Seeking Safety allows participants to address trauma and substance abuse issues simultaneously, but is present-focused, meaning that participants are not encouraged to share detailed accounts of past traumas. Seeking Safety is appropriate for participants who have experienced any type of trauma including natural disasters, combat or exposure to a war-zone, physical assault, sexual assault and/or sudden violent death. Seeking Safety’s curriculum is flexible and was designed to be safe for participants and facilitators.
Seeking Safety is a highly flexible program that can be conducted in a group setting or in an individual format, and can be conducted in open or closed group settings. The dosage of Seeking Safety can vary depending on the needs of the participants. Seeking Safety is appropriate for both men and women. Seeking Safety has been successfully implemented across vulnerable populations including homeless, criminal justice, domestic violence, those with severe and persistent mental illness, veterans and military, and others. Seeking Safety is an appropriate group for any participant struggling with any type of addiction and any type of trauma.
Seeking Safety has a few key principles to their program. Safety is the first overarching goal for the program – helping participants attain safety in their relationships, thinking, behavior, and emotions. Seeking Safety also utilizes an integrated treatment approach by working on trauma and substance abuse at the same time. Seeking Safety strives to have participants focus on their ideals to counteract the loss of ideals in their experiences of substance abuse and trauma. Seeking Safety stresses the importance of focusing on the Facilitator’s self-care throughout this program. The content for Seeking Safety focuses on four ideals: cognitive, behavioral, interpersonal and case management. The lessons include interventions such as problem solving, role playing, learning coping skills and skill building through worksheets.
Seeking Safety includes 25 sessions in its curriculum that can be conducted in any order.
Thinking for a Change is a cognitive behavioral intervention that was developed for individuals involved with the criminal and juvenile justice systems. The cognitive behavioral program focuses on cognitive restructuring aimed at addressing individuals’ thoughts, feelings, attitudes, and beliefs. T4C has been the subject of many studies and has routinely proven to be effective in reducing recidivism when implemented with integrity.
The three components of T4C are: cognitive self-change, social skills, and problem solving skills. Cognitive self-change teaches individuals a concrete process for self-reflection aimed at uncovering antisocial thoughts, feelings, attitudes, and beliefs. Social skills instruction prepares group members to engage in pro-social interactions based on self-understanding and consideration of the impact of their actions on others. Problem solving skills integrates the two previous interventions to provide group members with an explicit step-by-step process for addressing challenging and stressful real life situations.
T4C sessions are typically one to two hours long and they take place twice per week, for a total of 25 sessions.
Currently, JusticePoint offers Thinking for a Change to individuals on Probation or Parole (with a referral from their agent). T4C is also offered to individuals who are on a Deferred Prosecution Agreement, Diversion, or a participant of the Drug Treatment Court.
CBI-SA is a curriculum designed for individuals who are moderate to high need in the area of substance abuse and well suited for criminal justice populations. The program places heavy emphasis on skill-building activities to assist with cognitive, social, emotional, and coping skills development. CBI includes therapeutic strategies designed to change the cognitions that influence maladaptive behavior. The group is action-oriented which means participants have to engage in many activities, such as role-play, as part of the therapeutic process. The CBI approach is focused on the present, aimed at changing current risk factors that impact participants’ behavior. Clients spend a significant amount of time in this group learning and practicing new methods of handling risky situations.
Cognitive Restructuring is used to allow participants to learn new behaviors and break from habitual behaviors. This has shown to increase success and goal achievement in the target population.
Skills Training is used to help participants “unlearn” old, ineffective and/or risky behavior and “learn” new behaviors that can help them make pro-social choices and reach their personal life goals.
Problem Solving is considered an essential skill. Techniques are taught in order to enhance cognitive and behavioral abilities. The primary focus is helping participants learn not to react emotionally in problem situations.
Motivational Engagement is used throughout all sessions. The main goal of the motivational interviewing style is to elicit change by helping participants explore and resolve ambivalence.
CBI-SA is a one and a half hour group that is run twice per week.
JusticePoint's Municipal Court Alternatives Program works with indigent individuals who have been issued tickets for ordinance violations by the City of Milwaukee for non-traffic offenses. Staff use a variety of tools to identify an individual's ability to pay as well as their possible need for mental health or AODA treatment services. After assessment, alternatives such as a payment plan, community service, and/or treatment are presented to the judge for consideration to satisfy the fine. Staff then work with clients to fulfill the terms of alternative granted by the judge and report upon compliance or failure to fulfill the requirements of the alternative at scheduled court dates. Participation in the program is voluntary on the part of the individual. Individuals who either do not opt to participate in this program and who do not pay the required fine for these non-traffic ordinance violations are issued warrants and, ultimately, serve jail time in lieu of payment - a costly outcome for both the individual and the taxpayers.
The Racine County Alternatives Program (RCAP) provides pretrial risk assessments and pretrial supervision to the criminal courts of Racine County. Newly arrested defendants are interviewed and assessed for pretrial risk. The information and recommendations are reported to the Court prior to the initial appearance to assist the Court in evaluating a Defendants risk for pretrial misconduct. RCAP also provides pretrial supervision to those defendants referred by the Courts. Case managers monitor conditions of release, which can include alcohol/drug testing and electronic monitoring. In addition to monitoring Court-ordered conditions, case managers may assist defendants in an effort to reduce pretrial misconduct. RCAP case managers make referrals to community resources, alcohol/drug treatment, or mental health treatment; as well as provide assistance in addressing other needs that may be identified.
While at the center, staff work with youth to address their various criminogenic needs as well as to begin to build their skills towards self-reliance in adulthood. Case Plans are individually structured to take advantage of the youth’s inherent skills and interests in order to maximize the effectiveness of the lessons being imparted. Youth meet one on one with a Youth Wellness Case Manager on a regular basis for the purpose of reviewing their Case Plan and assessing their progress towards its stated goals or, when necessary, modifying the Case Plan to accommodate new areas of focus that are highlighted during regular interaction with the youth. Youth are integral team members in the Case Planning and review processes.
While at the center, JusticePoint provides individual and small group facilitation with a focus on various criminogenic needs and life skills. Particular attention is paid to utilizing various evidence-based tools to address antisocial cognition, attitudes, thoughts, and beliefs. Relying on the strength of Motivational Interviewing techniques, Youth are continually redirected to consider their own aspirations and the impact that their decision making has on achieving their goals. Instruction and guidance in the areas of independent living, conflict resolution, health and hygiene, civics, and victim awareness are a central focus of the programming. In order to encourage the youth to begin to see themselves as a part of the community to which they are causing conflict through their delinquent behavior, the youth are encouraged to engage in prosocial recreation activities and to spend some of their time with the program volunteering in their community. On a semi-regular basis, JusticePoint Case Managers plan outings into the community that will allow the youth to utilize the skills being developed in the program while further reinforcing the youth’s view of themselves as a part of their community.
The Intensive Supervision Program (‘ISP’) represents the highest level of supervision, tracking, monitoring, and programming that JusticePoint provides to Manitowoc County’s juvenile justice population. The youth ordered to participate in the ISP are those who have been adjudicated delinquent by the circuit court and who have demonstrated continued delinquent behavior. The youth have several criminogenic needs which are identified through a thorough assessment and case planning process. The Intensive Supervision Program utilizes a phased approach that addresses the youth’s areas of elevated criminogenic need while tracking the youth’s physical movement on a 24/7 basis and meeting with them daily in order to mitigate the youth’s ability to continue engaging in delinquent behavior.
The Youth Tracking Program provides supervision, tracking, and general case management services to youth who are either voluntarily referred to the program by Human Services Department Social Workers or ordered to participate in the program by the Court as part of a Temporary Physical Custody Order. JusticePoint Case Managers utilize the interests, skills, and goals of the youth to make positive strides in their development.
JusticePoint staff utilize an array of strategies and tools to ensure that the youth’s activities and location are known at all times. To the extent appropriate, the youth’s family and other formal and informal supports are included in the case planning and tracking process in order to ensure that the youth has supportive individuals available to them to maximize their chances of succeeding while mitigating the risk of the youth’s engaging in any form of delinquent behavior. JusticePoint staff are available to the youth and their families via phone seven days per week from 9am to 9pm.
The Treatment Alternatives and Diversion ('TAD') program staff provide screening, assessment, and case management for individuals who have entered into Deferred Prosecution Agreements ('DPAs') with the Dodge County District Attorney's Office. Deferred Prosecution Agreements provide an alternative to traditional case processing whereby a defendant who admits to wrongdoing enters into a DPA which lays out a serious of required steps a person must complete over a set period of time. Successful completion of the DPA results in the filed charges being either dismissed or reduced - allowing for the individual to face penalties less severe than those that traditional case processing would bring, while allowing for restitution or other forms of restorative justice to attempt to make the community and/or victim whole. Clients enrolled in the TAD program have been found to meet the TAD criteria outlined by the State of Wisconsin Legislature in their funding allocation for the TAD program.
JusticePoint provides Coordination and Case Management services for the Dodge County Impaired Driver Court (IDC). JusticePoint's IDC Coordinator is responsible for organizing referrals to the IDC, maintaining records related to the daily operation of the court, as well as ensuring that the court is in compliance with the policies and procedures outlined for the court as well as those promulgated by the National Association of Treatment Court Professionals. Additionally, JusticePoint provides Case Management services for participants of the Impaired Driver Court - working with clients to identify treatment and other needs necessary for them to achieve and maintain sobriety.
Justice Point also provides near universal screening for all new criminal arrests in Dodge County in the Treatment Alternative and Diversion (TAD) Program and for all defendants facing charges for Third or Fourth Operating While Intoxicated offenses for the Alcohol Treatment Court(ATC). The Court Services Coordinator ensures the screenings are completed using actuarial based risk and needs assessments and that eligibility for both programs is determined using evidence based practices. The Coordinator provides support, oversight and guidance to the Case Managers and provides coverage for any absences. Program evaluation and development is also performed by the Coordinator, with emphasis on adhering to Treatment Court Standards. Justice Point also provides GPS and SCRAM (alcohol) monitoring for juvenile and adult clients of Dodge County Human Services. Monitoring of those clients is conducted by the Coordinator as well.